Adverbs of manner

Adverbs of manner tell how stg is done.


Most adverbs of manner end in -ly.


Notice the change from adjective to adverb:

She's a careful driver.                                     She drives carefully. (How does she drive?)

Her Spanish is perfect.                                   She speaks Spanish perfectly. (How does she speak?)

It was an easy win.                                         They won easily. (How did they win?)



Some -ly words are in fact adjectives:

That was a silly mistake.

We had a lovely time.

He's a friendly guy.



There are, as always, exceptions to the rule.

Your English is good.                                        He speaks English well.

He is a fast walker.                                            He walks fast.

She's a hard worker.                                         She works hard.

I had a late night.                                               I got home late.

I have an early start tomorrow.                          I have to get up early tomorrow.

Is this line straight?                                            I went straight home after work.




"Hardly" and "lately" exist as adverbs of frequency:

I could hardly hear what she was saying.

Have you read any good books lately (= recently)?




Adverbs of manner often follow the verb.


When there is an object, the adverb goes after it:

He read carefully the document carefully.

I drove slowly the car slowly.


The adverb is sometimes placed before the verb for emphasis.




Be careful with the spelling changes:

consonant + y - happy - happily

adjectives ending in ic - tragic - tragically

vowel + e - true - truly

adjectives ending in le - simple - simply







Choose from the following adjectives and complete the sentences with the adverb form.

abrupt    brave    careful    deliberate    easy    foolish    generous    hard

A.
  1. If you study ___ and pass your exams, I promise I'll buy you a new bike.
  2. He admitted that he had acted ___. He is ashamed and has apologised to all concerned.
  3. You should go well equipped when hiking in the mountains because the weather can change ___.
  4. Many of the fires that cause so much destruction during the summer months are started ___.
  5. Please give ___ this Christmas to those less fortunate than yourselves.
  6. She is so sensitive. She cries very ___.
  7. The man ___ entered the burning building to save the child.
  8. I ___ picked up the vase. I was afraid that I'd drop it.



innocent    just    kind    loud    mad    nice    open

B.
  1. The government claims that the accused will be treated ___ as he awaits trial.
  2. She fell ___ in love with her teacher.
  3. My neighbour has ___ offered to give me a lift to the airport.
  4. If you ask me ___, I might be able to help you.
  5. Many ordinary people have been ___ caught up in this financial crisis.
  6. The audience cheered and applauded ___ at the end of the performance.
  7. After resigning, the mayor felt he could speak ___ about things.



polite    quiet    reluctant    straight    truthful    unexpected    violent    warm

C.
  1. Due to the extreme conditions, the climbers ___ decided to abandon their attempt to climb to the top of the mountain.
  2. The boat rocked ___ from side to side during the storm.
  3. I ___ asked the woman to put out her cigarette as it was a no-smoking area.
  4. I came ___ to work from the airport. I didn't have time to go home.
  5. The popular monarch was ___ welcomed by the crowds.
  6. The unemployment rate fell ___ last month.
  7. I answered all your questions ___ - I promise.
  8. Please leave the room ___. There are people who still haven't finished the exam.




Comments

Montse said…
Hi, Graham. Very interesting exercise.

A.
1. If you study hard and pass your exams, I promise I'll buy you a new bike.
2. He admitted that he had acted foolish. He is ashamed and has apologised to all concerned.
3. You should go well equipped when hiking in the mountains because the weather can change abruptly.
4. Many of the fires that cause so much destruction during the summer months are started deliberately.
5. Please give generously this Christmas to those less fortunate than yourselves.
6. She is so sensitive. She cries very easily.
7. The man bravely entered the burning building to save the child.
8. I carefully picked up the vase. I was afraid that I'd drop it.
B.
1. The government claims that the accused will be treated justly as he awaits trial.
2. She fell madly in love with her teacher.
3. My neighbour has kindly offered to give me a lift to the airport.
4. If you ask me nicely, I might be able to help you.
5. Many ordinary people have been innocently caught up in this financial crisis.
6. The audience cheered and applauded loudly at the end of the performance.
7. After resigning, the mayor felt he could speak openly about things.
C.
1. Due to the extreme conditions, the climbers reluctantly decided to abandon their attempt to climb to the top of the mountain.
2. The boat rocked violently from side to side during the storm.
3. I politely asked the woman to put out her cigarette as it was a no-smoking area.
4. I came straight to work from the airport. I didn't have time to go home.
5. The popular monarch was warmly welcomed by the crowds.
6. The unemployment rate fell unexpectedly last month.
7. I answered all your questions truthfully - I promise.
8. Please leave the room quietly. There are people who still haven't finished the exam.
Graham said…
Montse,

Again, I'll leave correcting you, with the hope that at least one of my FCE students will make an effort.
Graham said…
Hi Montse,

One of my FCE students handed in this exercise so I suppose that counts.

2. He admitted that he had acted foolishly. He is ashamed and has apologised to all concerned.

Well done!

Anonymous said…
Hi Graham.

My answers:
1. hardly
2. foolishly
3. abruptly
4. deliberately
5. generously
6. easily
7.bravely
8. carefully

1. justly
2. madly
3. kindly
4. openly
5. innocently
6. loudly
7. nicely

1. reluctantly
2. violently
3. politely
4. straightly
5. warmly
6. unexpectedly
7. truthfully
8. quietly

See you, Hilde
Anonymous said…
Hello, my second commment, Barbara:

1. If you study hard and pass your exams, I promise I'll buy you a new bike.
2. He admitted that he had acted foolish. He is ashamed and has apologised to all concerned.
3. You should go well equipped when hiking in the mountains because the weather can change easy.
4. Many of the fires that cause so much destruction during the summer months are started deliberatily.
5. Please give generously this Christmas to those less fortunate than yourselves.
6. She is so sensitive. She cries very easy.
7. The man abruptly entered the burning building to save the child.
8. I carefully picked up the vase. I was afraid that I'd drop it.



B.
1. The government claims that the accused will be treated innocently as he awaits trial.
2. She fell madly in love with her teacher.
3. My neighbour has nicely offered to give me a lift to the airport.
4. If you ask me kindly, I might be able to help you.
5. Many ordinary people have been justly caught up in this financial crisis.
6. The audience cheered and applauded loudly at the end of the performance.
7. After resigning, the mayor felt he could speak openly about things.




C.
1. Due to the extreme conditions, the climbers reluctantly decided to abandon their attempt to climb to the top of the mountain.
2. The boat rocked violently from side to side during the storm.
3. I politically asked the woman to put out her cigarette as it was a no-smoking area.
4. I came straight to work from the airport. I didn't have time to go home.
5. The popular monarch was warmly welcomed by the crowds.
6. The unemployment rate fell unexpectedly last month.
7. I answered all your questions truthfully - I promise.
8. Please leave the room quietly. There are people who still haven't finished the exam.



Graham said…
Hilde / Barbara,

Well done! Can you check your answers above? I think you managed to get most of them.