Infinitive of purpose - why?

Which of the following sentences is/are correct? (question from Facebook poll)

I phoned my wife for to tell her the news. x

I phoned my wife to tell her the news.  ✔



The minister resigned for spend more time with his family. x

The minister resigned to spend more time with his family. ✔


We're going to the theatre on Friday to see a musical. ✔



I get up earlier on Thursdays for going to English class. x

I get up earlier on Thursdays to go to English class. ✔



The above examples demonstrate the Infinitive of Purpose (to + verb) structure. You use it to give the reason for an action. I think you use "para + verb" in Spanish.

A: Why did he phone his wife? B: to tell her the news.

A: Why did the minister resign? B: to spend more time with his family.

A: Why are you going to the theatre? B: to see a musical.

A: Why do you get up earlier on Thursdays? B: to go to English class.




Write the following 5 sentences that you hear:




Then write some examples of your own examples of the Infinitive of Purpose structure.

Comments

Anonymous said…
Hi teacher!

It's a good exercise to practise english.

Sentences you gave us:

1.He went to the corner shop to get some bread.

2. I'm going to the optician to have my eyes tested.

3. I sent her an email to remind her about the meeting.

4. He bought a sportscar to impress his friends.

5. We have a party to celebrate the anniversary.

-----------------------------

Mine(s), i don't remember if the plural exist in english..:

1. They work harder to buy a big house.

2. I'm going to english class to improve my level.

3. He needs the driving licence to get the job.

4. We called him yesterday to organize the trip.

5. She moved to this new flat to have more space.

Here you are! To be continued...

Oh I forget, I'm Majda, I suppose you recognized me :-)
Graham said…
Majda,

I should get someone else to do the recording - you will BE more than USED TO my voice BY NOW.



THE sentences you gave us:

2. I'm going to the OPTICIAN'S to have my eyes tested.

5. THEY HAD a party to celebrate THEIR anniversary.

-----------------------------

*Mine(s), I don't remember if the plural EXISTS in English..:


2. I'm going to English class to improve my level.


Be careful with capital letters (languages, nationalities, countries, days of the week, months, subject "I" - always capital "I"!!!!)

*mine , yours , his , hers , its , ours, yours, theirs.
Anonymous said…
Hi Graham

After several hours, I listen it:

1. I went to the corner south to get some bread.
2. I´m going to the optician to have my eyes test it.
3. I sent her e-mail to remind a meeting.
4. He bought this car to impress
5. We have a party to celebrate an university.

These are five examples:

1. I´m studying to learn English language.
2. I want to learn English language to read books and magazines of science.
3. I wish read science in English
to write in English.
4. If I write in English I will have more opportunities to speak to too many people.
5. I need speak in English to improve my relationship.

Thank you very much Graham. See you tomorrow. José.
Lucía said…
Hi!
I'll write my sentences:

1.- He went to the corner shop to get some bread.
2.- I am goning to the opticien to have my eyes test.
3.- I sent an e-mail to remaind ... the meeting.
4.- He posted a post card to french friend.
5.- We have a party to celebrate an aniversary.
Graham said…
Hi José,

How long did this exercise take you? several hours???? I hope not. It shouldn't take you so long.


Here are your five examples:

1. I´m studying to learn ENGLISH.✔

2. I want to learn English language to read books and magazines of science. ✔

3. I WANT TO read ABOUT science in English to HELP ME write in English.

4. If I write in English I will have more opportunities to speak to A LOT OF people. (too many has a negative sense!)

5. I NEED TO speak in English to improve my SPEAKING SKILLS. (I'm not sure what you mean by relationship - it usually means how you get on with other people)
Graham said…
Lucía and José,

It's interesting (and funny) the things that you understand. I think it is a good exercise which makes you think about the construction of sentences AS WELL AS pronunciation and word stress.

Here are the correct sentences:

1.He went to the corner shop to get some bread.
("corner south" doesn't make sense)

2. I'm going to the optician's to have my eyes tested.
(You need to pay attention to final "s" and "ed" of words)

3. I sent her an email to remind her about the meeting.

4. He bought a sportscar to impress his friends.
(Does "posted" sound like "bought"?)

5. They had a party to celebrate their anniversary.


What words in the sentences are stressed?

In the left hand column under "pronunciation", you will find "howjsay - dictionary with sound". You can listen to the pronunciation of individual words and even compare words eg.
optician;optician's
test;tested

To listen to groups of words, you need to separate them with ;


See you in the morning!

PS Try and persuade some of your classmates to use the blog too!
Anonymous said…
I like this kind of exercise, Graham.

See you tomorrow.

Nicolas.